Getting your elevator specifications right according to what you want can be tricky because of limited pre-designed choices available in the market. The elevator market is dominated by the likes of Otis, KONE, Thyssenkrupp AG, Schindler, and Mitsubishi Electric with very standard technologies such as pneumatic and traction, leaving little room for customization. However, elevator cab interiors, lights and fixtures, elevator handrails, and paneling, are some of the most customizable elements of elevator specification.
Also, because modern buildings are unique architectural marvels in their own right, it makes sense to have your elevator cabs designed separately to complete the creative circle. You can add metal/laminate finishing or add artistic flourishes that closely match the theme and functionality of your building space. If hi-tech is your domain you may want to add IoT and AI to automate maintenance instead of conducting manual inspections every time. The kind of elevator system you choose comes down to asking the right questions.
Here are the considerations you must ponder over before you zero in on particular specifications.
- Identify the uses your building will be put to. Is this a residential or a commercial building?
- Is this a heritage building, a hotel, a commercial space, a hospital, or a plush office?
- How many floors is the elevator intended to serve?
- Where will the entrance and exit doors be located? That is, opposite to each other, at right angles, or on the same side?
- What is the total vertical distance that the elevator will travel?
- Is it possible to build a machine room for the hoist and pulley systems?
- Is the elevator going to be used to transport people or goods?
- How much space can you spare for the elevator?
- Can you extend the elevator shaft below ground? If so, by how much?
- Are there floors or spaces which you do not wish the public to access?
- Who is mainly going to use the elevator?
- How many people are going to use the elevator at one time?
- What speeds will best serve vertical traffic once the number of visitors per unit time have been identified?
- Are there any other special functions that the elevator is supposed to have?
Apart from these, cost of installation and the quality of maintenance from your elevator service company should play a very big role in your elevator purchase decisions.
Commercial elevators can be passenger elevators, wheelchair elevators, freight elevators, or dumbwaiters.
Passenger elevators are the ones that you can most commonly find in office buildings and retail malls to transport, in essence, just people. You can choose between ordinary and express elevators that do not stop until they reach a particular floor or particular set of floors to divide traffic between adjacent elevators. Modern passenger elevators may not require a machine room at all as the machine and all other traction-related components can be conveniently set within the hoistway, thus eliminating the need for a separate space for the machine room completely.
Wheelchair elevators are open, cab-less systems, chiefly used to transport machines and goods on shop floors.
Freight elevators require rugged build and heavy-duty capabilities as they are meant for transporting goods and machinery – not people.
Dumbwaiters are meant to transport smaller items such as food, dishes, or books in restaurants, hotels, hospitals, libraries, etc.
Have more questions about elevator specifications and design for your building? Schedule a free consultation with an expert here.