Determining the optimum life span of typical elevators requires that you factor in elevator usage, daily traffic, average loads carried per month, and the life cycle of the elevator interior design materials that you employ. Most elevator websites will tell you that a typical elevator installation will give you between 20 to 25 years of service before you need to replace it. However, parts such as elevator cables, ropes, and pulleys may last for just 10 to 15 years before they need to be replaced.
What people mean when they say that the life span of an elevator is 25 years is, usually, the elevator motor. But over its lifetime, critical components can be damaged by wear and tear, the replacement of which, can put a heavy burden on your facility maintenance and upkeep costs. How long your elevators last will also depend upon
how regularly you keep it serviced, how often you upgrade parts to accommodate newer technologies, initial elevator installation procedures that were followed, and exposure to the elements (in case your elevators are outside the building enclosure.
You may even hear of heritage buildings that have been using the same elevator for nearly a century. But the fact is that these buildings may be using the same elevator cabin interior and exterior designs, the same lift lobby wall panels, ceilings, and other fixtures that give the facade of things remaining unchanged. In reality, they would already have replaced the motor four times, added cladding to the wall panels, or refinished surfaces with oxidation to ensure that everything appears shiny and new. If you’re a homeowner or facility manage in a more modest setting then you need to follow a detailed and sacrosanct schedule to be able to extend the lifespan of your
building elevator system.
How to Extend the Lifespan of your Home Elevators
1. Regular Maintenance and Servicing: Don’t dally on appointments with maintenance personnel. The more regularly you meet your elevator service schedules in the early days after installing your elevator system, the greater the number of years that they will give.
2. DIY Inspections: Sometimes problems may be apparent. A peeling elevator interior wall panel on a door that prevents proper closure. A shorting circuit that displays non-functional buttons, uneven movement of the elevator cabin in the hoistway, visually damaged guide rails or brackets, and so on. Make a note of such defects and ask your service technician to have them fixed as soon as possible.
3. Keep elevator loads within its weight limits: Ensure that users are not transporting heavy goods or overcrowding the enclosure beyond the maximum limits for which the elevator is rated.
4. Protect your Elevator Interiors and Elevator Wall Panels from Vandalism and accidental damage caused by sharp or heavy objects being transported.
5. Prevent Tampering of Door Locks and other Safety Features.
6. Stop Using the Elevator if Movement is Unusual or Jerky, or Strange Sounds Emanate from Under the Cabin.
7. Always ensure that the Elevator has Stopped Completely Before Entering or Exiting.
8. Do Not Push Objects Through Elevator Door Gratings or While Doors are Closing.
9. Have the Handrails, Interior Wall Panels, Ceilings, Vents etc. Cleaned Often.
10. Ensure that Control Panel Buttons are Always Fully Functional.
11. Use Cladding or Metal Refinishing/Oxidation to Bring the Shine Back to your Elevator Exteriors.
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